国庆节的来历和习俗(中英文对照)

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October 1, 1949, the anniversary of the founding of New China. It should be clear that, in many people's minds, l October 1949 at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians to participate at the founding ceremony of the PRC. In fact, the impression in people's minds is not accurate.

1949年10月1日,是新中国成立的纪念日。这里应该说明一点,在许多人的印象中,1949年的10月l日在北京天安门广场举行了有数十万军民参加的中华人民共和国开国大典

 


国庆节的来历和习俗(中英文对照)

一、国庆节的习俗 英文

National Day is every country's major festivals, but the name is different. Many countries called the "National Day" or "National Day", there are a number of countries called "Independence Day" and "Independence Day", and some called the "Republic Day" and "Day of the Republic" and "Revolution Day" and "Liberation Day" , "Renaissance Day" and "Constitution Day" and so on, there is a direct name in order to add "Day", such as "Australia Day" and "Pakistan Day", while some of King's birthday or for the accession to the throne on National Day In case of replacement of the King, a specific date for the National Day also replaced. During the National Day, should be held to celebrate the different forms of activities to enhance their people's sense of patriotism and strengthen national cohesion. States also have to congratulate each other. Every five ten every National Day, and some would also like to expand the scale of the celebration. To celebrate the National Day, governments often have to hold a National Day reception by the Head of State, Heads of Government or Minister for Foreign Affairs presided over come forward, at the invitation of the countries in diplomatic and other important foreign guests to attend. However, some countries not to hold a press conference, such as the United States, Britain does not hold a press conference. (Primary schools will introduce the revolutionary hero at a critical time for us to learn from them)

译文:国庆节是每个国家的重要节日,但名称是不同的。许多国家叫“国庆节”或“国庆日”,有一种叫“独立日”和“独立日”的国家数,还有一些被称为“共和国日”,“共和国日”和“革命日“和”解放日“,”文艺复兴节“和”宪法日“等,有一个命令,指示的名字加上”日“,如”澳大利亚日“和”巴基斯坦日“,而国王的生日一些或为向国庆日之王,为国庆的具体日期替代个案登基也取代。国庆期间,应举行庆祝活动的不同形式,以提高本国人民的爱国意识,增强民族凝聚力。各国还必须相互祝贺。每五十年每逢国庆节,有的还要扩大庆祝规模。为庆祝国庆,各国政府通常要举行一次国庆由国家元首,政府首脑或外交部长外交部长出面主持招待会在国家在外交和其他重要外宾来参加会议的邀请。然而,一些国家不举行记者招待会,如美国,英国不举行记者招待会。 (小学将推出在关键时刻,我们向他们学习革命英雄)

二、国庆节的习俗 英文

"National," the term refers to the national celebration of the matter, first seen in the Western Jin Dynasty. Western Jin Dynasty writer Lu in the "five other lords of" A text once the "National independence Xiang their profits, their main worry Mo harm," the record, China's feudal era, the national celebration of the event, too great emperor ascended the throne, the birth of (the birthday of the Qing Long live the emperor said section) and so on. Thus the emperor ascended the throne in ancient China, the birth is called "National Day." Countries today called for the National Day anniversary.

October 1, 1949, the anniversary of the founding of New China. It should be clear that, in many people's minds, l October 1949 at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians to participate at the founding ceremony of the PRC. In fact, the impression in people's minds is not accurate. Because, October 1, 1949 ceremony, held in Tiananmen Square is the establishment ceremony of the Central People's Government, not the founding ceremony. In fact, the Republic of China "a nation", meaning that the establishment of the People's Republic early in the year prior to October 1 has been announced a week before. Was not called the "founding ceremony," but as "the founding ceremony." Time is September 21, 1949. On this day, director of the CPPCC preparatory meeting Mao Zedong caused the first session of the CPPCC's opening statement has been declared the birth of new China.

Then on October 1 National Day is how the case? In the first session of the CPPCC National Committee's first meeting, Xu Guangping statement said: "Ma Xulun members can not leave, he asked me for the establishment of the People's Republic, there should be National Day, so I hope this will be decided October 1 as National Day. "Mao said," We should make a proposal to the Government's proposal, the decision by the government. "October 2, 1949, the Central People's Government through the" Resolution on the National Day of the People's Republic, " provides for the annual October 1 National Day, and to this day as the announcement day of founding of the PRC.

Since then, every year on Oct. 1 to become the grand people of all nationalities to celebrate the festival.

译文:

“国庆”一词,本指国家喜庆之事,最早见于西晋。西晋的文学家陆机在《五等诸侯论》一文中就曾有“国庆独飨其利,主忧莫与其害”的记载、我国封建时代、国家喜庆的大事,莫大过于帝王的登基、诞辰(清朝称皇帝的生日为万岁节)等。因而我国古代把皇帝即位、诞辰称为“国庆”。今天称国家建立的纪念日为国庆。

1949年10月1日,是新中国成立的纪念日。这里应该说明一点,在许多人的印象中,1949年的10月l日在北京天安门广场举行了有数十万军民参加的中华人民共和国开国大典。其实,人们头脑中的这一印象并不准确。因为,1949年10月1日在天安门广场举行的典礼是中华人民共和国中央人民政府成立盛典,而不是开国大典。实际上,中华人民共和国的“开国”,也就是说中华人民共和国的成立,早在当年10月1日之前一个星期就已经宣布过了。当时也不叫“开国大典”,而是称作“开国盛典”。时间是1949年9月21日。这一天,中国人民政治协商会议筹备会主任毛泽东在政协第一届会议上所致的开幕词中就已经宣告了新中国的诞生。

那么10月1日的国庆又是怎么回事呢?在中国人民政治协商会议第一届全国委员会第一次会议上,许广平发言说:“马叙伦委员请假不能来,他托我来说,中华人民共和国的成立,应有国庆日,所以希望本会决定把10月1日定为国庆日。”毛泽东说“我们应作一提议,向政府建议,由政府决定。”1949年10月2日,中央人民政府通过《关于中华人民共和国国庆日的决议》,规定每年10月1日为国庆日,并以这一天作为宣告中华人民共和国成立的日子。

从此,每年的10月1日就成为全国各族人民隆重欢庆的节日了。

三、国庆节的习俗

英文

October 1, 1949, the anniversary of the founding of New China. It should be clear that, in many people's minds, l October 1949 at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians to participate at the founding ceremony of the PRC. In fact, the impression in people's minds is not accurate. Because, October 1, 1949 ceremony, held in Tiananmen Square is the establishment ceremony of the Central People's Government, not the founding ceremony. In fact, the Republic of China "a nation", meaning that the establishment of the People's Republic early in the year prior to October 1 has been announced a week before. Was not called the "founding ceremony," but as "the founding ceremony." Time is September 21, 1949. On this day, director of the CPPCC preparatory meeting Mao Zedong caused the first session of the CPPCC's opening statement has been declared the birth of new China.

译文:

1949年10月1日,是新中国成立的纪念日。这里应该说明一点,在许多人的印象中,1949年的10月l日在北京天安门广场举行了有数十万军民参加的中华人民共和国开国大典。其实,人们头脑中的这一印象并不准确。因为,1949年10月1日在天安门广场举行的典礼是中华人民共和国中央人民政府成立盛典,而不是开国大典。实际上,中华人民共和国的“开国”,也就是说中华人民共和国的成立,早在当年10月1日之前一个星期就已经宣布过了。当时也不叫“开国大典”,而是称作“开国盛典”。时间是1949年9月21日。这一天,中国人民政治协商会议筹备会主任毛泽东在政协第一届会议上所致的开幕词中就已经宣告了新中国的诞生。

四、国庆节的习俗 英文

At 14:00 on October 1, 1949, the Central People's Government held its first meeting the Commission unanimously a resolution declaring the establishment of the Central People's Government. Chairman of the Central People's Government, Vice-Chairman and members of the inauguration. The meeting decided to accept the "Common Program of the CPPCC," the Central People's Government's policy objectives. Lin Boqu Election Commission Secretary-General of the Central People's Government, the appointment of Zhou Enlai, the Central People's Government Administration Council to the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People's Government, People's Liberation Army commander Zhu De, Shen Junru Supreme People's Court for the Central People's Government, Ronghuan for the Central People's Government Department of the Supreme People's Prosecutor Attorney. On the same day 15, the capital of 30 million soldiers and civilians gathered at Tiananmen Square, a grand celebration ceremony of the Central People's Government to set up.

译文:1949年10月1日14时,中央人民政府委员会举行第一次会议,一致决议,宣告中华人民共和国中央人民政府成立。中央人民政府主席、副主席及委员宣布就职。会议决定接受《中国人民政治协商会议共同纲领》为中央人民政府的施政方针。选举林伯渠为中央人民政府委员会秘书长,任命周恩来为中央人民政府政务院总理兼外交部长,毛泽东为中央人民政府军事委员会主席,朱德为中国人民解放军总司令,沈钧儒为中央人民政府最高人民法院院长,罗荣桓为中央人民政府最高人民检察署检察长。同日15时,首都30万军民齐集天安门广场,隆重举行庆祝中华人民共和国中央人民政府成立盛典。

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